A brief discussion on a the design philosophy during the last 60 years with will be presented. Francis turbine is a radial inward flow reaction turbine. We have provided advanced design and renovation solutions for many new and old hydropower stations at home and abroad. The features of francis turbine is simple structure and reliable operation. Francis 1815 1892 an english born inventor who developed the turbine in the year 1849. Observe the operation of a generator and learn how to power an led in this exciting experiment. Experiment no 04 francis turbine free download as word doc. Abstract the aim for turbine design is to increase the efficiency and avoid cavitation and fractures during operation.
Following are the differences between pelton wheel, francis and kaplan turbine. Download as ppt, pdf, txt or read online from scribd. Hydraulic mechanics lab viva questions and answers pdf free download hydraulic mechanics viva questions with answers. Since in this example only one turbine data is examined the transferability of results has to be considered. Wheels and a francis turbine deduce formulae for power and efficiency for turbines. Francis turbine is the first hydraulic turbine with radial inflow. From the experiment, is at a speed of 1400 rotary per second, it is the optimum speed that make the gas turbine running at the highest efficiency. Join our community just now to flow with the file francis turbine and make our shared file collection even more complete and exciting.
Our francis turbines, including the worlds largest and most powerful. With decades of continuous optimization based on the latest hydrodynamic research, well over half the turbines manufactured by voith hydro are of the francis type. The wheel is immersed and operates both the water velocity kinetic energy, that a pressure difference. Pdf design of an experimental test stand for francis type. Application of variable speed operation on francis turbines. As for middlelow waterhead francis turbine, cavitation inception curve of blade leading edge will fall into the model efficiency hill chart because of its wide range of unit speed. Turbines are used in boat propulsion systems, hydroelectric power generators, and jet aircraft engines. Which was designed and developed by the australian engineer viktor kaplan. Kaplan turbine has adjustable runner blades with less number of. Characteristic analysis of the efficiency hill chart of. Designed for heads from 20 m to 400 m, hpp francis runners can achieve more than 94% efficiency. It was designed by american scientist james francis.
Performance on hydraulic a single stage and multi stage b reciprocating pump 8. Discover how wind turbines work by building your own model. Performance test of a two stage reciprocating air compressor 9. Understand the energy transformations which occur in a wind turbine. This video explains the technical points of francis turbines in plain english. Hydraulic turbines are widely used to meet realtime electricity demands. Make sure handling well the equipments during experiment and void silly behavior. Water pressure decreases as it passes through the turbine imparting reaction on the turbine blades making the turbine rotate. To study the constructional details of the francis turbine reaction turbine and draw its fluid flow circuit. Francis turbine experiment free download as word doc. The turbine has a sturdy base which sits on the top of the hydraulic bench. Francis turbine lecture the video gives you the basic concepts of francis turbine along with its.
Like kaplan turbine, the francis is a reaction machine. Laboratoryscale francis turbine has been used to generate experimental data for performance evaluation. Francis turbine is a type of water turbine that was developed by james b. Ptx1 and ptx2 are the pressure transmitters used to monitor the pressure variation at the inlet pipeline during shutdown. Introduction a water turbine is a device for converting water fluid power into shaft mechanical power. An investigation on francis turbine by experiments. Observe the operation of a polarized electronic device.
Discussions francis turbine is a type of water turbine that was developed by james b. Hydraulic turbines fundamental operating parameters classification impulse turbines pelton turbines reaction turbines radial flow. Repeat the experiment for different set of rotameter readings. The examined francis turbine is used in a highhead hydropower plant, where distinctive changes of water head are less common. Introduction a turbine is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. Fluid mechanics laboratory institute of technology. This has the advantage of centrifugal forces acting against the flow, thus reducing the tendency of the turbine to over speed. Hydraulic turbines and hydroelectric power plants 1. Experimental investigations of a model francis turbine. The picohydro francis turbine is mounted on a bench framed on top of the tank. Computational fluid dynamic cfd techniques have played.
Francis turbine is one of the most widely used turbine s. Kaplantype hydraulic turbine in which the positions of the runner blades and the wicket gates are adjustable for load change with sustained efficiency, it is a purely axial flow turbine with a vertical shaft disposition. The main purpose of this lab is to measure the power output of a francis turbine and to compare this to the theoretical power output. Design, performance and maintenance of francis turbines. Pelton turbine experiment, francis turbine diagram. The francis turbine is an example of a reac tion turbine. The francis turbine is a type of water turbine that was developed by james b. The computational model consists of spiral casing, 18 numbers of stay vanes and guide vanes, runner having numbers of blades and a draft tube. It is an inwardflow reaction turbine that combines radial and axial flow concepts francis turbines are the most common water turbine in use today. Mixed hydro turbine has radical inflow into runner, axle outflow from runner, which is referred to as francis hydro turbine. Performance test on an air blower partc optional 10.
Still, if you have any doubt ask in the comment section, i will get back to you as soon as possible. As a first in japan, two splitterbladefitted runners were installed in the francis turbines at the ontake power station of the kansai. Water passes through a spear valve that controls and directs the inlet flow through a nozzle and onto the buckets due to gravity. They operate in a water head from 40 to 600 m to 2,000 ft and are used primarily for electrical power production. For francis turbine at different waterhead ranges, cavitation inception of blade leading edge on pressure is quite different from suction side. Set the brake at some level and measure the brake load using. For generation of electricity in thermal power plants, steam turbines are used coal fuel oil or nuclear power provides the primary source of energy. Pelton wheel is an impulse turbine where static pressure head of water is converted into mechanical energy. Getai hydropower is pelton turbine experiment, francis turbine diagram, francis turbine working, pelton turbine for sale factoty. Francis turbines are the most common water turbine in use today. Francis turbine is a combination of both impulse and reaction turbine, where the blades rotate using both reaction and impulse force of water flowing through them producing electricity more efficiently. This type of turbine is located in the old lowhead installations less than10 m where they are generally in.
The cfd approach for prediction of efficiency of a 3 mw capacity horizontal axis francis turbine is presented. What is the difference between a pelton wheel and the. The turbine is a wheel with buckets around its circumference. The rated head and discharge for the turbine were 48 m and 7. Practical application of highperformance francisturbine runner fitted with splitter blades at ontake and shinkurobegawa no. The francis turbine is an inward flow reaction turbine which was designed and developed by the american engineer james b. Francis turbine blades are designed in such a way that one portion of the blade design creates the pressure difference between the opposite faces of the blade when water flows through it, and the remaining portions blade design use the impulse force of water hitting it and this combined action of pressure difference and impulse force generates enough power to get turbine. L argesized francis turbine s are commonly used at hydraulic head range of 20700m.
Losses in francis turbines npsh main dimensions francis turbines. Francis turbine free download as powerpoint presentation. The turbine connects to the pumped supply of the hydraulic bench. Pdf experimental evaluation of a francis turbine esat. Experimental and numerical studies of a highhead francis turbine. The francis turbine is a laboratoryscale reaction turbine for use with tecquipments digital hydraulic bench h1f, available separately. It is used when the head is between 80 to 500 metres. Francis turbine its components, working and application. From the beginning, francis turbine development has always been synonymous with voith. List of the experiments sno name of the experiments page no from to 1 to study the constructional details of a pelton turbine and draw its fluid flow circuit. Francis turbine is used for the production of electricity in hydro power stations. Francis turbine working principle, main parts, diagram and. In francis turbine water flow is radial into the turbine and exits the turbine axially.
Francis turbine lab manual free ebooks download francis turbine lab manual download on free books and manuals search fluid mechanics laboratory phase 3 edibon other files to download. It is an inward flow reaction turbine that combines radial and axial flow concepts. Practical application of highperformance francisturbine. Lab experiment francis turbine francis turbine is a combination of both impulse and reaction. Another purpose of the lab is to check turbine scaling laws. So this is the overview of the pelton wheel turbine, i tried my best to describe the whole thing, i hope you got the concept of pelton wheel. The analysis presented here is based on turbine shaft load resulting in utilization of water power and includes overall efficiency, specific. Svartisen p 350 mw h 543 m q 371,5 m s d 0 4,86 m d 1 4,31m d 2 2,35 m b 0 0,28 m n 333 rpm. Solve numerical problems for a pelton wheels and a francis turbine.1088 575 847 509 531 910 331 398 662 663 89 239 114 1289 1405 333 888 1044 35 796 271 236 285 522 124 630 1397 1442 644 214 318 516 769 1166 852 643 438 956 105 146 614 367 985 1061 779 1151 312